Home > Agenda > Agroforestry in Forest Landscape Restoration: towards a comprehensive approach
30 Sep 2019 | 15:30 - 17:30 | R03 - WING 3

Agroforestry in Forest Landscape Restoration: towards a comprehensive approach

There is increasing evidence that agroforestry is an effective option for restoration of mosaic landscapes that include farmland. However, in the transition from landscape-level planning and prioritization of restoration interventions to implementation, several issues arise that may limit the scope and success of farmer-led interventions. The objectives of this session are (a) to stimulate structured debate about the challenges to development of a comprehensive approach to agroforestry-based restoration (b) based on this, generate new insights that can contribute to development of such an approach, both through better defining the role of agroforestry in FLR and the enhancement of praxis.Many of the issues referred to above, and indeed the most fundamental of them, concern the actors involved and the tradeoffs between restoration of ecological functions and the maximization of provisioning ecosystem services; ‘trade-offs’ because, in a smallholder context, these do not necessarily go hand-in-hand.Our session will invite exploration of the following broad subjects that are related to these key issues and which drive and mediate restoration outcomes, in particular farmers’ socio-ecological resilience: tenure; land and tree rights; financing and markets (including value chains for on-farm tree products; and access to knowledge.The session will also cover methodological and technical aspects related to the design and implementation of agroforestry interventions. These aspects, including species selection, germplasm availability, combination of practices and technologies to suit actors’ capacities and purposes, can undermine the final outcome and how agroforestry interventions integrate with other restoration actions at the landscape level.

Chair: Jonathan Cornelius, Dr Andrew Miccolis
Daniel A. Ofori
World Agroforestry
Sustainable land management for improved livelihoods and environmental sustainability: the role of agroforestry
A healthy viable multifunctional landscape has the capability of supporting sustainable agricultural productivity, providing agroforestry and forest products (timber, fuel wood, fruits, medicine, fertilizer, gum etc.) for the sustenance of mankind while providing other environmental services. However these products are increasingly becoming unavailable due to declining soil fertility, climatic extremes, and high costs of inputs. Identifying low-cost, sustainable ways to attain food security and sustainable environment for millions of smallholder farmers in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) remains a major developmental challenge. The poor performance of the agricultural sector in SSA therefore calls for innovative approaches for sustainable land management and sustainable agricultural productivity. Agroforestry offers an opportunity to meet this challenge. The paper reviews the major challenges confronting the drylands of Western, Eastern and Southern Africa regions with case studies from these regions showing the potential of agroforestry /evergreen agriculture in support of sustainable land management and increased agricultural productivity. This evidence has encouraged development of evergreen agriculture for improved food security, livelihoods and environmental sustainability.

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