In Peru, FTA research has led to a change in the legal definition of agroforestry. Forest definitions have been revised to recognize agroforestry as a valid land use type that deserves policy support. This new definition allows 450,000 smallholders to sell timber legally from their fallow plots, thereby increasing their income and eliminating risk of prosecution. When fully implemented, this will affect the livelihoods of over 2 million people and a land area of over 4.5 million hectares of the Peruvian Amazon.
In addition, the Government of Peru, with support from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and FTA researchers, developed its nationally appropriate mitigation action plans for agriculture, allowing for a particularly important role of tree-based systems in calculating greenhouse gas emissions.