Treculia africana L.
|Dimensions in meters||10-30 m|
|Maturity of tree before yields||4 years|
|Productivity lifetime||50+ years|
|Seasonality||Depending on the region and environmental conditions, fruit can be harvested year-round.|
|Production zones and cultivation methods||This species grows in African tropical zones, and it does well in medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. It is usually found near streams or in swampy forest areas at an altitude of up to 1,500 m. Under good environmental conditions, a single tree can produce 30 fruits and yield up to 10 kg of seeds each year.
It has also been recommended as a promising species for intercropping agroforestry systems, but so far remains underutilized.
Per 100 g raw seeds
|The seeds are especially rich in vitamins including vitamin B1, B2, B3 and A. They also contain high amounts of zinc, iron, phosphorus and magnesium. In fact, 100 g of raw seeds, have almost twice as much potassium as the same serving of bananas. In addition, the seeds contain more protein than soybeans.|
|Energy (kcal)||369 kcal|
|% Daily Value (DV) *|
|Macronutrients||Proteins: 15.0 g||30 %|
|Fats: 6.7 g||9 %|
|Carbohydrates: 65.1 g||24 %|
|Key Minerals||Zinc: 8.5 mg||77 %|
|Phosporus: 192 mg||35 %|
|Magnesium: 87 mg||42 %|
|Iron: 66 mg||15 %|
|Key Vitamins||Thiamine (Vitamin B1) : 0.2 mg||17%|
|Riboflavin (Vitamin B2): 12.5 mg||958 %|
|Niacin (Vitamin B3) : 18.2 mg||113 %|
|Retinol activity equivalents (Vitamin A): 20.4 mg||2.3 %|
|*All Daily Recommended Values are calculated using the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)’s recommendation guide.|
Found throughout Africa in countries such as Nigeria, Angola, Zambia, Central African Republic, Côte d’Ivoire and Senegal.
Ojimelukwe, P.C., Ugwuona, F.U. The traditional and medicinal use of African breadfruit (Treculia africana Decne): an underutilized ethnic food of the Ibo tribe of South East, Nigeria. J. Ethn. Food 8, 21 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s42779-021-00097-1
Onyekwelu, Jonathan & Stimm, Bernd. (2008). Treculia africana. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259622998_Treculia_africana
Appiah, F., Oduro, I. and Ellis, W.O. (2016). Nutritional composition of breadfruits (Artocarpus spp. and Treculia africana) in Ghana. Acta Hortic. 1128, 15-20. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1128.3
N, A. A., O, N. M., U, N., E, O. E., & B, S. M. (2018). Studies on the Phenology of African Breadfruit (Treculia africana Decne) in South-Eastern Nigeria. Environment and Ecology Research, 6(4), 248–258. https://doi.org/10.13189/eer.2018.060405
Runsewe – Abiodun, T., Aliyu, A., & Oritogun, K. (2018). Evaluation of nutrients and anti- nutrient properties of traditionally prepared Treculia africana decne (bread fruit diet and toasted seeds). The African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 18(02), 13272–13286. https://doi.org/10.18697/ajfand.82.16630
V.N, Osabor & D.A, Ogar & Okafor, Peter & Egbung, Eneji. (2009). Profile of the African Bread Fruit (Treculia africana). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 8. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjn.2009.1005.1008
Olapade, A. A., & Umeonuorah, U. C. (2014). Chemical and Sensory Evaluation of African Breadfruit (Treculia africana) Seeds Processed with Alum and Trona. Nigerian Food Journal, 32(1), 80–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0189-7241(15)30099-0