Tamarindus indica L.
|Dimensions in meters||Up to 30 m in height|
|Maturity of tree before yields||7-10 years|
|Productivity lifetime||50-60+ years|
|Seasonality||In the Americas, harvesting usually takes place between April–June. In Africa, India and Southeast Asia, the timing will vary by latitude, usually falling sometime between February–May|
|Production zones and cultivation methods||Tamarindus Indica L. is a slow-growing but long-lived tree. The tree may remain productive until it reaches old age, yielding up to 150 kg or over 2 tons/ha/year of fruit. The plant grows well over a wide range of soil and climatic conditions, occurring in low-altitude woodlands, savannahs and bush regions, which are often associated with termite mounds.
While it prefers these semi-arid areas and wooded grasslands, it can also be found growing along streams and riverbanks. Its extensive root system contributes to its resistance to drought and wind.
Per 100 g edible portion (EP)
|Tamarind fruits are rich in protein and antioxidants, containing 40 percent more protein than the same serving size of avocado. They also contain several phytochemicals, including beta-carotene equivalents.|
|Energy (kcal)||277 kcal|
|% Daily Value (DV) *|
|Macronutrients||Carbohydrates: 61.3 g||22 %|
|Proteins: 3.6 g||7 %|
|Fats: 0.8 g||1 %|
|Key Minerals||Potassium: 933 mg||20 %|
|Calcium: 192 mg||15 %|
|Magnesium: 87 mg||7 %|
|Iron: 66 mg||16 %|
|Key Vitamins||Folate (Vitamin B9): 15 mcg||13%|
|Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C): 12 mg||6 %|
|Niacin (Vitamin B3): 1 mg||4 %|
|Other||Daily fibre: 5.1 g||18 %|
|*All Daily Recommended Values are calculated using the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)’s recommendation guide.|
Native to Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe
Also found in India, Southeast Asia and the Americas.
Gunasena HPM, Hughes A. (2000). Tamarind: Tamarindus indica L. Fruits for the Future. International Center for Underutilised Crops, Southampton, UK. https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20013088646
Maundu P, Tengnas B. (2005). Useful trees and shrubs for Kenya. Nairobi: World Agroforestry Centre, Eastern and Central Africa Regional Programme (ICRAF–ECA). https://www.worldagroforestry.org/publication/useful-trees-and-shrubs-kenya
Stadlmayr B, Charrondiere UR, Eisenwagen S, Jamnadass R, Kehlenbeck K. (2013). Nutrient composition of selected indigenous fruits from sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 93(11):2627–2636. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23633245/