Spondias purpurea L.
|Dimensions in meters||15 m|
|Maturity of tree before yields||4-5 years|
|Seasonality||In Southeast Asia, fruits generally ripen between June–July, but this can vary depending on the region. In Guatemala, fruits can be harvested during almost any season|
|Production zones and cultivation methods||The species grows in dry areas with shallow, loamy soils and lots of sunlight. In the American tropics, S. purpurea is a commercial fruit crop that is easily propagated from seeds and cuttings. It and other Spondias species are also cultivated by smallholders as subsistence crops; the fruit’s high vitamin A and C content offers vital micronutrients and diet diversification.|
Per 100 g edible portion (EP)
|Jocote is a good source of dietary fibre, vitamin A and is an excellent source of vitamin C. In fact, its vitamin A content is higher than that of cashews, guavas and some papaya and mango cultivars. It also contains good levels of potassium, iron and calcium. A single 100 g edible portion (EP) of Jocote would provide 63% of the potassium requirements for children 4-6 years old. The same EP of Jocote fruit also has more energy (kcal) than 100 g of mangos, peaches or plums.|
|Energy (kcal)||74 kCal|
|% Daily Value (DV) *|
|Macronutrients||Proteins: 0.7 g||1.4 %|
|Fats: 0.2 g||0.3 %|
|Carbohydrates: 19.1 g||6.9 %|
|Key Minerals||Calcium: 17 mg||1.3 %|
|Iron: 0.72 mg||5.3 %|
|Potassium: 250 mg||7 %|
|Key Vitamins||Carotenoids (contributing to Vitamin A): 119 mcg||N/A|
|Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C): 49 mg||54.4 %|
|Other||Dietary fibre: 0.5 g||1.8 %|
|*All Daily Recommended Values are calculated using the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)’s recommendation guide.|
Jocote fruits are native to the area that stretches from southern Mexico to northern Peru and parts of north-coastal Brazil. They are most commonly found in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and Panama. However, they can be found growing throughout the West Indies and in the Bahamas as well.
They are also popular in much of tropical Asia including Laos, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Papua New Guinea.
Crane, J., & Wasielewski, J. (2019). Spondias Growing in the Florida Home Landscape. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/MG/MG05900.pdf
de Almeida, C. L. F., Brito, S. A., de Santana, T. I., Costa, H. B. A., de Carvalho Júnior, C. H. R., da Silva, M. V., de Almeida, L. L., Rolim, L. A., dos Santos, V. L., Wanderley, A. G., & da Silva, T. G. (2017, October 26). Spondias purpurea L. (Anacardiaceae): Antioxidant and Antiulcer Activities of the Leaf Hexane Extract. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity. https://www.hindawi.com/journals/omcl/2017/6593073/
Kozioł, Michael & Macía, Manuel. (1998). Chemical composition, nutritional evaluation, and economic prospects of Spondias purpurea (Anacardiaceae). Economic Botany. 52. 373-380. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02862067.
Miller, A., & Schaal, B. (2005). Domestication of a Mesoamerican cultivated fruit tree, Spondias purpurea. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102(36), 12801–12806. https://www.pnas.org/content/102/36/12801.short
Mohammed, M., Bridgemohan, P., Graham, O., Wickham, L., Bridgemohan, R. S. H., & Mohammed, Z. (2019). Postharvest Physiology, Biochemistry and Quality Management of Chili Plum (Spondias purpurea var. Lutea): A Review. Journal of Food Research, 8(3), 1. https://doi.org/10.5539/jfr.v8n3p1