Borassus flabellifer L.
|Dimensions in meters||20–30 m tall; its leaves span 3–6 meters in diameter|
|Maturity of tree before yields||12-20 years|
|Productivity lifetime||100+ years|
|Seasonality||In the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, flowering and fruiting occurs between February–July. Fruits are usually harvested during the dry season, which varies by latitude.|
|Production zones and cultivation methods||Produced primarily by smallholder farmers in coastal areas. The giant palm thrives in arid conditions, and its fruit is harvested by hand. A mature fruit can produce between 200–300 fruits each year.|
Per 100 g edible portion (EP)
|Palmyra fruit is rich in calcium and phosphorus; it is also a source of vitamin C and contains almost zero fat.
The palm jaggery, which is derived from the tree’s sap, is more nutritious than crude cane sugar, and the fresh sap is a good source of vitamin B complex.
|Energy (kcal)||102 kcal|
|% Daily Value (DV) *|
|Macronutrients||Carbohydrates: 20.57 g||7 %|
|Proteins: 1.58 g||3 %|
|Fats: 0.67 g||1 %|
|Key Minerals||Calcium: 8.76 mg||1 %|
|Phosphorus: 33 mg||3 %|
|Key Vitamins||Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C): 16 mg||18%|
|Thiamine (Vitamin B1): 0.04 mg||3 %|
|Riboflavin (Vitamin B2): 0.02 mg||2 %|
|*All Daily Recommended Values are calculated using the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)’s recommendation guide.|
Found in South and Southeast Asian countries including Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Socotra (Yemen), Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand and Vietnam.
Bayton, R. P. “A Revision of Borassus L. (Arecaceae).” Kew Bulletin, vol. 62, no. 4, 2007, pp. 561–585. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/20443389. Accessed 8 Apr. 2021.
Jansz, E.R., Wickremasekara, N.T. and Sumuduni, K.A.V., 2002. A REVIEW OF THE CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF SEED SHOOT FLOUR AND FRUIT PULP OF THE PALMYRAH PALM (BORASSUS FLABELLIFER L). Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 30(1-2), pp.61–87. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v30i1-2.2562
Morton, J.F. (1988) Notes on Distribution, Propagation, and Products of Borassus Palms (Arecaceae). Economic Botany (1988) 42(3): 420-441, http://www.fao.org/ag/aga/agap/frg/econf95/HTML/TODDY.HTM
Pooja Srivastava Banerjee, M. P. (2015). Health Benefits of Palmyra Fruit. Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/top-4-health-benefits-of-palmyra-fruit.htm
Vengaiah et. al. “Physio-Chemical Properties of Palmyrah Fruit Pulp (Borassus Flabellifer L.).” Journal of Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 5, no. 5, Jan. 2015. Research Gate, www.researchgate.net/publication/283237751_Physico-Chemical_Properties_of_Palmyrah_fruit_Pulp_Borassus_flabellifer_L, 10.4172/2155-9600.1000391. Accessed 25 Aug. 2021. https://www.longdom.org/open-access/physicochemical-properties-of-palmyrah-fruit-pulp-borassus-flabellifer-l-2155-9600-1000391.pdf
Jamkhande, Prasad G., et al. “Biological Activities of Leaves of Ethnomedicinal Plant, Borassus Flabellifer Linn. (Palmyra Palm): An Antibacterial, Antifungal and Antioxidant Evaluation.” Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, vol. 54, no. 1, June 2016, pp. 59–66, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bfopcu.2016.01.002 Accessed 14 Sept. 2021.
Saidi, IA. “Uses of Palmyra Palm Plant Parts in Three Regions of East Java Indonesia.” African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, vol. 21, no. 5, 2021, pp. 18–55, https://doi.org/10.18697/ajfand.100.18100 Accessed 14 Sept. 2021.