Adansonia digitata L.
|Dimensions in meters||10-25 m|
|Maturity of tree before yields||25–60 years|
|Productivity lifetime||1000+ years|
|Seasonality||Fruits are harvested during the dry season, which varies depending on latitude.|
|Production zones and cultivation methods||Grows mainly in bush and woodland areas, both coastal and inland. The fruit takes about half a year to ripen. During this time, the fruit pulp dries naturally and, once ripe, they fall to the ground where they are collected and processed.|
Per 100 g edible portion (EP)
|Baobab is a superfruit that contains as much as 6x more vitamin C than oranges and twice as much calcium as milk. It also contains high amounts of key minerals including potassium, calcium and iron.|
|Energy (kcal)||327 kcal|
|% Daily Value (DV) *|
|Macronutrients||Carbohydrates: 75 g||27 %|
|Proteins: 2.4 g||5 %|
|Fats: 0.5 g||1 %|
|Key Minerals||Potassium: 1,730 mg||37 %|
|Calcium: 275 mg||21 %|
|Magnesium: 232 mg||55 %|
|Iron: 6.1 mg||35 %|
|Key Vitamins||Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C): 269 mg||29%|
|Thiamine (Vitamin B1): 1.2 mg||26 %|
|Folate (Vitamin B9): 1.5 mg||13 %|
|*All Daily Recommended Values are calculated using the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)’s recommendation guide.|
Found in semi-arid and sub-humid zones of sub-Saharan Africa, including countries in western Africa (Senegal, Mali, Niger, Benin), southern Africa (Namibia, South Africa, Mozambique, Zambia, Malawi, Madagascar) and eastern Africa (Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania).
Anjarwalla P, Ofori D, Owino A, Matuku D, Mwangi E, Adika W, Njogu K, Kehlenbeck K. (2016). Testing different grafting methods for vegetative propagation of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) in Kenya to assist its domestication and promote cultivation. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 26:85–95.
Chadare FJ, Linnemann AR, Hounhouigan JD, Nout MJ, Van Boekel MA. (2009). Baobab food products: a review on their composition and nutritional value. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 49(3):254–274.
Gebauer, J., Adam, Y.O., Sanchez, A.C. et al. Africa’s wooden elephant: the baobab tree (Adansonia digitata L.) in Sudan and Kenya: a review. Genet Resour Crop Evol 63, 377–399 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-015-0360-1
McMullin, S., and Kehlenbeckm K. (2015). The untapped potential of Baobab: Indigenous fruit trees could improve nutrition and livelihoods, especially in rural areas. Miti Magazine https://issuu.com/mitimagazine/docs/miti_26__low_res
Stadlmayr, B. C., Charrondiere, R., Eisenwagen, S., Jamnadass, R., & Kehlenbeck, K. (2013).Nutrient composition of selected indigenous fruits from sub Saharan Africa. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 93(11), 2627–2636.