- Research and practice place much emphasis on the transformative role that sub-national governments (SNGs) may play in climate change action.
- Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are not blueprints for implementation, but they offer some insight into potential priorities. Currently, the role of SNGs in most is limited: of 60 REDD+ countries, only 14 explicitly mention a role for SNGs in mitigation, and only 4 of these give SNGs a decision-making role.
- This failure to assign more precise roles to SNGs may prove to be short-sighted as climate change is a global problem, but solutions such as REDD+ need to be implemented locally and jurisdictionally, and thus require local input.
- The factors that will affect the realization of the roles assigned to SNGs in NDCs include: political will toward decentralization; the funds required by Parties to achieve their targets; the capacities of SNGs; and the need to align sub-national with national development priorities.
Authors: Sarmiento Barletti, J.P.; Larson, A.M.; Cisneros, N.