2 Oct 2019 | 15:30 - 17:30 | R02 - WING 3
Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People
The session is based on the IUFRO WFSE project’s forthcoming book “Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People” that addresses the potential and likely impacts of efforts to achieve the SDGs on forests and forest-related livelihoods and development. The session will discuss the important interconnections and interlinkages among the SDGs and anticipated trade-offs and synergies among them from the perspective of forests and forest-related livelihoods, and shed light on how the implementation of the SDGs may influence existing forest-related development scenarios, and affect the roles of forests in sustainable development in the future. The presentations will especially focus on the interrelations among forest and livelihoods and the following SDGs: SDG 1 (No poverty), SDG 2 (Zero hunger), SDG 3 (Good health and well-being), SDG 4 (Quality education), SDG 5 (Gender equality), SDG 8 (Recent work and economic growth), SDG 9 (Industry, innovation and infrastructure), SDG 11 (Sustainable cities and communities), SDG 16 (Peace, justice and strong institutions), SDG 17 (Partnerships for the goals) and the potential synergies among the SDGs addressing Health, Gender, Equity and Justice.
Chair: Glenn Galloway, Dr Pia Katila
CIFOR Senior Associate
Achieving Sustainable Development Goals on food security and nutrition: The impacts on forests and livelihoods
As the human population continues to grow, so does pressure to increase food production. Agriculture now dominates the global landscape and more food is being produced than ever before. Yet, our population is characterized by alarming rates of obesity and malnourishment.
Concomitantly, much of the agricultural expansion related to achieving global food security is at the expense of forest ecosystems, critical for biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services. SDG 2: Zero Hunger seeks to “End hunger, achieve food security and nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture”. In this chapter we explore the potential impacts of achieving SDG 2 on forests and forest dependent people. We focus on five of the targets (2.1-2.5) under SDG 2 which are closely entwined with forests and forest related livelihoods. We discuss how the current food system polarises food production and forest conservation, when in fact, they should, and can be harmonised. Paying special attention to the role of maintaining genetic diversity (Target 2.5) and investing in small-scale food producers (Target 2.3) in sustainable food systems (Target 2.4) to reduce hunger and malnutrition (Targets 2.1 and 2.2). We close with observations on the potential tradeoffs and synergies between SDG 2 and the other SDGs, emphasizing the need for integrated land use management.
Carol J. Pierce Colfer
CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia
World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Montpellier, France
Decent work and economic growth: Potential impacts of SDG 8 on forests and forest-dependent livelihoods