A recent Rights and Resources report provides strong evidence on the importance of recognizing and protecting indigenous rights towards mitigating forest-based emissions and curbing global warming. As a Ph.D. student coordinating the third round of data collection of CIFOR’s Global Comparative Study on REDD+ in Ucayali, Peru, I was pleased to find an on the ground example of why this is important and how tenure security can help achieve the objective of REDD+. The story involves two Shipibo-Conibo indigenous communities, Patria Nueva and Nuevo Saposoa, located along the riverbanks of the Ucayali River. The Shipibo-Conibo are an indigenous group whose livelihoods depend on the fish and timber resources they obtain from their forests. After years of struggle against deforestation and forest degradation due to unclear tenure rights, illegal loggers, and illicit cultivations, these two communities are now working for conservation.