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  • Eating and conserving bushmeat in Africa

Eating and conserving bushmeat in Africa

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Authors: Wilkie, D.S.; Wieland, M.; Boulet, H.; Le Bel, S.; Van Vliet, N.; Cornelis, D.; BriacWarnon, V.;Nasi, R.; Fa, J.E.

In Africa, overhunting of tropical wildlife for food remains an intractable issue. Donors and governments remain committed to invest in efforts to both conserve and allow the sustainable use of wildlife. Four principal barriers need to be overcome: (i) communities are not motivated to conserve wildlife long-term because they have no formal rights to benefit from wildlife, or to exclude others from taking it on their land; (ii) multispecies harvests, typical of bushmeat hunting scenarios, place large-bodied species at risk of extinction; (iii) wildlife production cannot expand, in the same way that livestock farming can, to meet the expected growth in consumer demand; and (iv) wildlife habitat is lost through conversion to agriculture, housing, transportation networks and extractive industries. In this review, we examine the actors involved in the use of wildlife as food and discuss the possible solutions required to address urban and rural bushmeat consumption. Interventions must tackle use and conservation of wildlife through the application of context-relevant interventions in a variety of geographies across Africa. That said, for any bushmeat solution to work, there needs to be concurrent and comparable investment in strengthening the effectiveness of protected area management and enforcement of wildlife conservation laws.

Publication Year: 2016

ISSN: 1365-2028

Source: African Journal of Ecology 54(4): 402-414

DOI: 10.1111/aje.12392

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  • Use and trade of bushmeat in Colombia: Relevance to rural livelihoods

Use and trade of bushmeat in Colombia: Relevance to rural livelihoods

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Authors: Gómez, J.; Van Vliet, N.; Restrepo, S.; Daza, E.; Moreno, J.; Cruz-Antia, D.; Nasi, R.

Key points

  • Except for the Andean region, bushmeat trade chains are a reality in all regions of Colombia. These chains are usually short and respond to local trade dynamics.
  • In the Caribbean region, bushmeat trade chains cross different administrative boundaries, thus routes operate at greater distances.
  • Bushmeat continues to play an important role in the local livelihoods of many communities in Colombia.
  • The level of dependency on bushmeat increases in rural areas that are located far from urban settlements, because of the difficultly in accessing other proteins and the lack of alternative productive activities.
  • Bushmeat consumption in Colombia is also associated with deep-rooted local cultural traditions.
  • The widespread existence of bushmeat trade chains in the different regions of Colombia, despite being illegal, highlights the need to review current legal frameworks.
  • Simplifying the requirements for the legal trade of surplus meat from non protected and resilient species by rural communities may be the way forward. However, there is a need to improve the capacities to monitor the use of wild meat and agree on the local governance that should be responsible for ensuring/controlling for sustainable use.

Series: CIFOR Infobrief no. 159

Pages: 4p.

Publisher: Bogor, Indonesia, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)

Publication Year: 2016

DOI: 10.17528/cifor/006275

also in Spanish

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  • Let’s talk about bushmeat

Let’s talk about bushmeat

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Bushmeat is the meat of wild animals used by humans for food. In this video, Professor John Fa of Manchester Metropolitan University and the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) walks viewers through the concept of bushmeat, and the challenges it poses for sustainability of wildlife and sustainability of livelihoods.

Learn more about bushmeat at www.cifor.org/bushmeat

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